The carbon 14 dating of the ancient temple of Gobelki Tepe has reignited the debate about the true age of the Sphinx. New evidence suggests may be 8000 years older than previously thought.
Gobelki Tepe might be older than previously thought! When a few 'years ago Robert Bauval, Graham Hancock, John Anthony and others, challenged the commonly accepted dating of the Sphinx, academics responded shouting "heresy!" Subsequently, Robert Schoch, professor of geology at Boston University, has dated the monument of Giza around 7000 BC, twice the accepted date, invoking a similar backdating.
"There's no evidence that it can be true," said the Egyptologist Carol Redmount University of California, Berkeley (Los Angeles Times, October 23, 1991). "The people of that region
would not have had the technology, government institutions, or even the desire to build such structures thousands of years before the reign of Khafre. "And this, in a nutshell, was the view shared by scientists and Egyptologists alike.
The Sphinx is the same period of Gobekli Tepe? Cavemen could have built the Sphinx? Academics had faced a problem of feasibility. How could the cavemen Neolithic have built such an impressive specimen as the Sphinx thousands of years before the date of construction accepted for, say, Stonehenge and the pyramids? In an era before 3000 BC, academics quickly put out, the only known artifacts were spearheads of flint and tends to hide from the animals. In no way the people of the early Neolithic could have built something as elaborate as the giant pyramids or the Sphinx. A statement, paradoxically, with which heretics were absolutely agree! In fact, the "heretics" believed that the Sphinx and other ancient monuments were constructed from a "lost civilization", which was canceled at the end of the last ice age, and spreading convincing evidence of this end. But even this idea was shunned by academics, who remained steadfast in their dogmatic assertions that the dates had to be wrong. Then came the discovery of Gobekli Tepe.
What academic scientists did not expect was the discovery in 1994 of a site comprising a massive, complex and elaborate megalithic temple buried beneath the highlands of Anatolia, in the southeast of Turkey, known as Gobelki Tepe, which means "hill the navel. " Initially, it was thought he had an age similar to other megalithic monuments. From the first excavations at its disinterment, Gobelki Tepe has reserved many surprises. But none can "stop time" as the results of tests performed to determine its exact age.
To the consternation of academic scholars, carbon dating of Gobelki Tepe is a staggering 11,000 BC, a date too remote to be within the accepted models of human evolution. Unlike the dates proposed by Schoch and other heretics, dating to the middle of the "Carbon 14âÂÂ € ³ could not be questioned. Today Gobelki Tepe is considered the most important archaeological site in the world, and it is located between the rivers Euphrates and the Tigris, is considered by some eminent archaeologist, being the site of the fabulous "Garden of Eden", even in a context allegorical.
Biblical references aside, the question remains standing: those who built this impressive anachronism? Men of the caves? Aliens? or a lost civilization of antiquity? For the moment, the academics had fled.
Of the older buildings of 13,000 years as well as complex and elaborate Gobekli Tepe, simply should not exist in the current way of looking at the prehistory. The fact that there has forced archeology official to rethink his theories of the ancient world and, more importantly, the people that lived in that world. No one, in science ufficale, is of course still prepared to seriously consider the possibility that the complex of Gobekli Tepe may have been built by a lost civilization that once inhabited the Earth, and perhaps was more technologically advanced than you may commonly think, and that was wiped out at the same time the melting of ice during the end of the last ice age.
Although this scenario may be associated with the "myth of Noah" - the extinction of an entire people in a great flood, or some other global catastrophe around 12,000 years ago - academia remains firmly convinced that this civilization did not exist. But then, who built Gobekli Tepe?
Incredibly, the vision accepted by the official, is that our hunter-gatherer ancestors would be able to "do lines" after all.
When only a handful of years before, academics not receded from saying that the "cavemen" who populated the region, could not in any way have built something sophisticated like the Sphinx, the less the site of the temple complex of highly Gobekli Tepe, are now forced to reshuffle the cards and to admit that they were wrong.
Now argue that hunter-gatherers of the Neolithic built the ancient structures, all by themselves.
Although this remarkable turnaround in the opinion of academics, has been hailed by some as a "breakthrough", others remain convinced that these ancient structures, like the Sphinx and Gobekli Tepe, are the traces of a lost civilization. However, we think, what can be defined as certain is that the figure of 11,000 years BC for Gobelki Tepe, from the carbon dating, means we can riesamenare evidence regarding the age of the Sphinx with renewed enthusiasm.
Commenting on the work of Robert Schoch on the new dating of the Sphinx, remember, the Egyptologist Carol Redmount University of California, said: "There is no evidence that it can not be true!" His reasons for this opinion was that the tribes of hunter-gatherers that period "would not have had the technology, government institutions or even the desire to build such structures thousands of years before the reign of Khafre." We now know that Carol Redmount was wrong.
But Robert Schoch was not the only voice in the wilderness proclaiming an alternative viewpoint.
According to certain alignments astroarcheologici discovered by Robert Bauval and Graham Hancock, have been suggested dates by far the oldest to the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. These datings have been, of course, "in the dustbin" by scholars officers, but with the discovery of Gobelki Tepe, a new perspective was launched on when it was built the Giza complex.
According to the record, the combined works of Bauval and Hancock proposed dates set around 10,500 for the construction of the Sphinx, and suggest how it could be even older. To some extent, this view is shared by writers and Egyptologists. John Anthony West, whose research in the years 70 and 80 he concluded that the Sphinx was much older than the archaeologists Orthodox were prepared to accept. West also concluded, moreover, that there were good chances that could have been built by a civilization now lost in the mists of time.
Similarly to Schoch, West suggested that the erosion of the pedestal of the Sphinx, due to the action of the water, he felt like the monument in question was much older than the date of 2500 BC generally attributed. Because of evidence of erosion due to the abundant rainfall rainwater - was pointed -the Sphinx must have been built in a period close to 10,000 years ago, the last time the region was the scene of precipitation that can cause similar erosions.
And in a recent study entitled Geological aspect of the problem of dating the great egyptian sphinx construction ("Geological on the problems of dating the great Egyptian construction - called - Sphinx") published in 2008 and presented at the International Conference of Geoarcheologia and Archeomineralogia, evidence was presented showing that the construction of the Sphinx is in fact backdated back in time to the Pleistocene era, ie 10,000 years ago.
It should be noted that the main argument in favor of the so-called "official date" of 2500 BC for the edification of the Sphinx is highly dependent on comparison with monuments depicting human faces like that of the Pharaoh Khafre (2520-2494 BC). Archaeology official insists that the Sphinx is some kind of monument to the Great Pharaoh because they are perceived similarities in the face carved. But it should also be noted that different types of forensic tests have shown that the face of the Sphinx is presumably that of Chephren, and therefore the assumption that the Sphinx was built during the reign of Khafre is far from being certified once and for all .
In fact, much of the evidence now tend to support the views of the heretics, on how the Sphinx may have been built in about 10,500 BC, making it virtually simultaneously to complex Gobelki Tepe, both with an age of 12,500 years.
It is interesting to realize how a growing consensus is also ready to accept as a "lost" civilization, which inhabited the coastal areas of the ancient world could have built the Sphinx, as well as the pyramids and Gobelki Tepe, before being swept away by a great flood caused by melting ice at the end of ghiaccioo last ice age, around 10,000 BC Research in this area are ongoing, and future updates can be tricky. These ancient wonders were built with the help of non-terrestrial intelligences from a highly advanced human civilization completely unknown? or were built by our hunter-gatherer ancestors, "cavemen" who populated the region north-Middle East between 12,000 and 13,000 years ago ?!
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